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Novosti News

15.2.2013. 22:52
Ostavka Pape i Židovi
 

The Last Pope Shaped by the Shoah

What the Surprise Retirement of Benedict XVI Means for Catholic-Jewish Relations

By Adam Gregerman



At the Wall: Pope Benedict XVI made a historic trip to Israel in 2009.



The resignation of Pope Benedict XVI will symbolically bring to an end a remarkable period in Catholic-Jewish relations. Benedict and his predecessor, Pope John Paul II, were personally involved in two 20th-century events that had a profound effect on this relationship — the Shoah and the Second Vatican Council. It is nearly certain that the next pope will have little if any personal connection to these events, and probably a different relationship to Jews and Judaism.



Ostavka Pape Benedicta XVI  simbolično  će donijeti kraj jednog značajnog perioda u katoličko-židovskim odnosima. Benedict i njegov preteča Papa Ivan Pavao  II. su  bili osobno uključeni u dva događaja u 20. stoljeću,  koja su imala veliki značaj za taj odnos:  Shoa i Drugi Vatikanski koncil.  Gotovo je  sigurno da će slijedeći Papa imati manje osobnih veza sa tim događajima i vjerojatno drugačiji odnos prema Židovima i Judaizmu.



No pape su imali različito iskustvo sa Holokaustom. Ivan Pavao,  koji je rastao u Poljskoj, imao je  židovske prijatelje koji su ubijeni od nacista. Benedict, kao mladić  u Bavarskoj  se priključ
io  "Hitlerjugendu". On je osjećao kako to utječe na njegovu karijeru prilikom posjete Auschwitzu, kao "papa iz Njemačke". Oba Pape  su govorili o osobnoj povezanosti sa strahotama Holoakusta prilikom sastanka sa preživjelima ili  putovanja u logore smrti.



I papa Benedict i Ivan Pavao su sudjelovali na II. Vatikanskom koncilu ( 1962-1965) na kojemu se Crkva sa svojom deklaracijom "Nostra Aetate" dramatično odvojila od stoljetnog anti-židovskog učenja. Sastavši se,  ne tako dugo nakon ubijanja Židova u "Krsćanskoj" Evropi, Koncil je odbacio karakteriziranje Židova kao" ubice Ksrista" i optuženih od Boga.


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...On specific topics of concern to the Jewish community, however, Benedict’s record is mixed. When it came to the bitterly divisive Israeli-Palestinian conflict, he has avoided imbalanced advocacy or blame for either side. While many Protestant churches have lurched to the left or the right, the Vatican under Benedict hewed to a middle course, a firm position that is likely to be continued. It refused to cast the political conflict in religious (meaning Christian) terms, successfully avoiding the anti-Jewish imagery some Protestant critics have used against the Jewish state....


... Benedict supported liturgical and theological changes that at best prompted doubts about his sensitivity to Jewish concerns and at worst led some to worry about countervailing currents in the church generally. For example, his approval of the use of a Good Fridayprayer for the conversion of the Jews for those saying the old Latin Mass, or his revocation of the excommunication of schismatic bishops (including one who publicly denied the Shoah, which Benedict said he didn’t know at the time), provoked anger and disappointment. He has been a vigorous advocate of sainthood for Pope Pius XII, whose failure to publicly denounce Nazi persecution of the Jews troubles many.....